what are the differences between CBD and THC?

CBD is an extract from cannabis or hemp which come from the plant, Cannabis sativa. Legal hemp has 0.3% of THC or less. CBD is available in form of oils, gels, supplements, or even gummies. THC is the only compound in hemp that produces a high sensation. It is consumed by the body via smoking. Both compounds have different effects but interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system.

 Concept of their chemical structure

Their atom arrangement differs due to the differing effects of the drug on your body. Both THC and CBD and the same structure of the molecule. They contain 2 oxygen atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 21 carbon atoms. Due to their similarities to the body’s endocannabinoids, they can interact with the body’s receptors. 

Their psychoactive effects

The psychoactive effects of CBD vs THC are very different. THC is the main psychoactive compound that is found in marijuana. It is responsible for the ‘high’ feeling after you consume it because it controls the feelings and binds with the brain receptors. The CBD does not cause the ‘high’ feeling instead it works with other body elements to have the feeling of well-being. 

Medical benefits of CBD and THC

Both CBD and THC have the same medical benefits because they function by providing relief. Most people prefer CBD to THC due to the side effects. As stated earlier THC cause the euphoric effects that make a person 

 feel ‘high’. Some of the uses of CBD include treating conditions such as;

  • Inflammation
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Nausea
  • Headache 
  • Mental disorders
  • Seizures
  • Anxiety
  • Depression

THC helps with the following:

  • Lack of sleep
  • Glaucoma
  • Pain
  • Low appetite
  • Anxiety
  • Muscle spasticity
  • Nausea

Side effects of CBD vs THC

The difference between the side effects of CBD and THC is, that high consumption of THC may lead to long-term negative psychiatric effects, while the effects of CBD are temporary.

Temporary side effects of THC

  • Dry mouth
  • Red eyes
  • Slower reaction times
  • Memory loss
  • Anxiety
  • Increased heartbeat
  • Coordination problems

Side effects of CBD

  • Fatigue
  • Loss of weight
  • Dizziness
  • Changes in appetite
  • Diarrhea

 CBD vs THC legality. 

It is important to consider legality before choosing a product. In Kenya CBD is currently on the list of illegal drugs in the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Control Act. THC is also illegal in Kenya. There are some the countries where consumption and use of cannabis are legal. These countries include Denmark, Colombia, Italy, Jamaica, Brazil, Canada, and many others.

How to test CBD and THC

THC and CBD are stored in body fats. They can be detected on drug tests after an individual has stopped using them.


The differences between CBD and THC are that THC is psychoactive while CBD is non-psychoactive and THC is sourced from marijuana while CBD is sourced from hemp.

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What are the common uses of Medical Marijuana?

Medical marijuana is a derivate of the plant called Cannabis sativa. They are used to alleviate symptoms caused by certain medical conditions. Marijuana contains over 100 chemicals known as cannabinoids, each of which has a different impact. The plant or chemicals in medical marijuana can also treat certain diseases or illnesses. Given below are 6 medical marijuana uses that are commonly applied.

  1. Pain management: Marijuana is quite effective to control pain that plagues millions as they age. It is safer than opiates, which are highly sedating. It can ease nerve pain or aches caused by multiple sclerosis in general as these are areas where no other choices exist. Marijuana enables patients to resume previous activities without being disengaged or feeling completely destabilized.
  2. Muscle spasticity: The only registered medical marijuana derivative called Sativex is used to treat patients with muscle spasticity. It is commonly found in patients with multiple sclerosis. Muscle spasticity is a continuous and rapid contraction of muscles causing tightness and stiffness that can interfere with day-to-day functioning. 
  3. Reduce inflammation: The cannabinoid contained in marijuana can reduce inflammation caused by conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and Crohn’s disease. Patients with these illnesses have claimed that decreasing inflammation in their bodies can improve overall health and general well-being.
  4. Nausea treatment: Although the components of marijuana, Nabilone and Dronabinol, and their medicinal properties have been the topic of debate and research for decades, they have medical benefits that have been proven. Nabilone and dronabinol prescribed in tablet form can treat nausea in cancer patients who are undergoing chemotherapy. 
  5. Seizure control: Cannabinoids have been effective for controlling seizures associated with 2 forms of epilepsy, Dravet syndrome, and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, that are impossible to deal with using other medicines. However, not enough studies have been done on the effect of medical marijuana on the treatment of seizures caused by other forms of epilepsy. 
  6. Mental illness: Medical marijuana uses are not restricted to physical diseases and illnesses only. There is some evidence to suggest that medical marijuana can treat certain mental illnesses such as depression and post-traumatic disorder symptoms. However, the experts caution that it is not a proper treatment for other mental conditions, the likes of which are psychosis and bipolar disorder.

How to get it

Some places have authorized medical marijuana uses. In such places where marijuana is used for medicinal purposes, you need a statement written by your doctor to get it. The letter must describe that you need medical marijuana to treat your stated condition or to alleviate certain side effects. Also, your name should appear on an authorized list that lets you purchase marijuana from an official seller.


Although the above conditions can be treated using medical marijuana, there are some downsides that you need to be aware of. Frequent use can affect your memory and can cause long-term damage to your cognitive abilities as well as your driving skills. In addition, smoking marijuana can harm your lungs and cause lung cancer, not to mention the tremendous risk of substance abuse and addiction. 

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What are the uses of Cannabis Treat Pain?

Cannabis, also called Marijuana or Weed, is one of the commonly abused drugs in the current generation. Although Cannabis has some medical advantages, many people are not enlightened about them, hence misusing the drug (Cannabis). The abuse of Cannabis has made many countries illegalize its consumption to reduce the adverse effects on abusers. Let’s now focus on Cannabis uses to treat pain. 

  1. Treatment for Inflammatory Pain (Nociceptive pain)

Inflammatory pain may occur as a result of physical damage. There is the release of immune and inflammatory cells in the process of tissue damage. Pain is then felt later due to activation of receptor nerves which convey this information to the spinal cord then to the brain. With balanced CBD and THC Cannabinoids, Cannabis can alter pain signals by blocking the produced signals or the inflammatory process itself. Inflammatory pain is relieved through the activation of CB receptors.CB1 receptors boost activation of opioid receptors, while CB2 receptors have anti-inflammatory properties. CBD blocks inflammatory mediators hence reducing inflammation. For better and long-term inflammatory pain management, one should opt for balanced CBD and THC products.

  1. Treatment for Neuropathic Pain

Neuropathic pain arises when the body’s neurons systems are destroyed or damaged. The underlying diseases and injuries may contribute to this pain. A good example is Parkinson’s disease. Chemotherapy may also contribute to the development of Neuropathic pain. This pain arises due to the destruction of many body cells in the body during chemotherapy. This type of pain tends to be one of the most challenging conditions to manage. Fortunately, the use of Cannabis has shown promising results in the management of Neuropathic pain. The Neuropathic pain resulting from chemotherapy gets treated by Cannabis without interfering with the benefits of the therapy on cancer patients. Control of Neurogenic pain induced by chemotherapy results from activation of serotonin receptors; hence management of pain is accomplished.

  1. Treatment for Central Pain

Researchers claim that Central pain is becoming the typical type of pain affecting many people across the globe. It arises as a result of the defect of the nervous system of the body. Although its root cause is yet known (Idiopathic), it can be associated with injuries. The fact that it is idiopathic makes it among the most challenging type of pain to manage. Fibromyalgia is an excellent example of this type of pain. Compared to other pain-relieving medications, patients with fibromyalgia reported to have shown a positive sign in the recovery of central pain when using Cannabis. 

To conclude, Cannabis or weed (as most people call it) consumption is increasingly embracing by many nations nowadays. Even though it has some adverse consequences on its users, researchers have proven that Cannabis has advantages. Let us welcome the use of tale of two strains in Cannabis as a drug and discourage its abuse.

How does CBD oil work?

Cannabinoid also known as CBD is a chemical extract from the hemp plant (sativa) in form of oil and then mixed with inert oil for consumption. Unlike Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) cannabinoid is not psychoactive meaning it does not have high levels of THC to induce the mind-altering sensation of getting ‘high’. One of the health benefits of daily CBD oil intake is that when applied it is a great pain reliever Lumiere sustainable goods

How does CBD oil work? 

Studies have showed that the human body is comprised of a specialized system referred to as the endocannabinoid system which regulates critical bodily functions such as sleep, appetite, pain and the immune system responses. In response to the regulations, the body produces two kinds of receptor namely the CB 1 and CB 2. When CBD oil is applied it interacts with the endocannabinoids system which sends signal between cells to help regulate the processes of movement and homeostasis. 

Benefits of CBD oil 

Cannabis Sativa has been used as an anesthesia for pain since the 2900 B.C. Studies have been carried out to investigate the safety and potential risks that could be involved in CBD oil use. The health benefits of daily CBD intake include offset anxiety disorders and depression can induce a calming effect on a person compared to pharmaceutical drugs which gives it the widespread popularity. 

In some instances, it has been used to treat epilepsy disorders as an anti-seizure remedy for example the Draver syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome which do not respond to pharmaceutical drugs. CBD can also be used to reduce PTSD by reducing the rate of anxiety a person may feel.CBD can also be used to treat opioid and smoking addictions. 

Reduction of cancer symptoms and cancer treatment effects has been approved in the use of Sativex in the use to reduce the pain that results from cancer. It is effective in treating chronic cases of pain. 

Is CBD oil safe? 

Under directions from a physician health benefits of daily CBD oil intake can be harnessed. Doses of up to 200-mg have been used safely. However, CBD has a few side effects such as dry mouth, low blood pressure, light headedness and drowsiness. 


In conclusion health benefits of daily CBD oil intake outweigh the few side effects that come with the application of CBD.Cannabinoids are a natural way to counter chronic pain and remedy several other diseases without using pharmaceutical drugs that at times have far worse side effects. 

Reasons why one should know how to take cannabis edibles safely

Cannabis is more or a drug and the introduction of it to the body has consequences or results. It is for this purpose that it is made known to people how to consume it safely. Having edibles involves digesting them through one’s system and thus the following reasons are why one should know how to take them.

Affects the functioning of the digestive system 

Quantity taken matters a lot. The digestive system functions in its own unique way. It contains juices that help in digestion of some specific foods which definitely does not include cannabis edibles. One may face challenges during digestion just from taking this edibles. Severe stomach aches experienced may be hard to handle or stop.

Interrupts the normal functioning of the brain

The brain acts as the main control of the body. The use of cannabis edibles makes one high and therefore when it gets to the brain the functioning of the body changes and is controlled by how one is feeling at the moment. It may lead to many side effects that may have received signals from the brain. The brain easily gets affected within a short while. Knowledge on how to take cannabis edibles safely is easily accessible just by asking. This ends up saving one from harming their brain.

It is addictive

Edibles such as cookies are quite appealing to take in. Cannabis edibles such as cannabis cookies may however prove to be addictive when consumed frequently. They mostly look like normal cookies thus one may not know if the other is having it for them to stop it if it is taken in abundance. Being addictive to drugs can be quite challenging as it is not easy to stop. On purchasing this edibles, one should find out how to take cannabis edibles safely.

It leads to wastage of money

A habit cannot be stopped thus when one gets used to having edibles the only thing they ever take in are this edibles. This may greatly lead to wastage of money as they go for high costs and are not easily found thus hustling to get them requires more use of money. People tend to give all their money and end up consuming more of which they were supposed to take in. Some may know how to take cannabis edibles safely but instead choose to abuse it.

Can lead to long term effects

Taking of cannabis edibles over a long period of time can lead to long term effects. This effects actually tend to affect every part of the body that it can be easily seen. The symptoms are not one to brush off as they greatly put one’s life at a high risk. On using them, one should be aware on how to take cannabis edibles safely.

In conclusion, cannabis edibles are not safe but if one gets to learn how to take cannabis edibles safely, they may go ahead. It should however be avoided if possible and if it is not necessary. Understanding the reasons on why one should know how to take them is also helpful.

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Cannabis uses to treat chronic pain and its structure

Cannabis has two subspecies called Marijuana and Hemp. Both have common structural components but different proportions of the components in each. These components give each subspecies attributes which define their uses. One of the components is responsible for Cannabis uses to treat chronic pain.

Structure of the Cannabis

The structural components are CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). Marijuana is known to be rich in THC which is attributed to getting people high. Hemp is rich in CBD which is characterized by its ability to reduce anxiety and inflammation hence the Cannabis uses to treat chronic pain.

This structure discovery showed evidence of Cannabis having therapeutic attributes. This led to its massive use medicinally, recreationally and spiritually.

Ancient uses of Cannabis

All of these uses of Cannabis can be dated back to how it was applied years back. 

Ancient Greeks use it to dress horse wounds and heal nose bleeds, Queen Elizabeth used it to relieve her of her menstrual cramps.

Vikings and Medieval Germans used it for relieving pain during child birth and for toothaches.

Discoveries due to Cannabis

This is also due to the recent discovery by a scientist called Raphael McCullum. With his studies he came to discover CBD and THC structure of the Cannabis. This led to massive study of this structure which gave birth to a life changing discovery, the ECS.


The ECS (Endocannabinoid System) was discovered through the intense study of the CBD. This is the system with the largest receptors throughout the brain, nervous system and organs. It is said to be the molecular bridge between the body and the mind.

It is the most important physiological system involved in human health mood and homeostasis, keeping internal systems balanced in the face of stress and inflammation.

How does CBD help reduce chronic pain

There are natural occurring neurotransmitters called endocannabinoids which are structurally identical to THC. This similarity makes it easier for THC to bind with the main receptors cb1 and cb2 reducing their efficiency.

However, CBD does not directly bind to cb1 and cb2 receptors but acts as a reuptake and breakdown inhibitor preventing breakdown of naturally occurring endocannabinoids. These help to promote happiness and reduce inflammation.

It also increases the level of an endocannabinoid called Bliss molecule. CBD is a boon for brain health nerve protectant and neuroplasticity. 

In conclusion, Cannabis has been involved in a lot of discoveries along the way and some have even led to immense study of the human body. These discoveries have led its massive uses in treatment of chronic pain. CBD can be greatly attributed to Cannabis uses to treat chronic pain.

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