what are the differences between CBD and THC?

CBD is an extract from cannabis or hemp which come from the plant, Cannabis sativa. Legal hemp has 0.3% of THC or less. CBD is available in form of oils, gels, supplements, or even gummies. THC is the only compound in hemp that produces a high sensation. It is consumed by the body via smoking. Both compounds have different effects but interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system.

 Concept of their chemical structure

Their atom arrangement differs due to the differing effects of the drug on your body. Both THC and CBD and the same structure of the molecule. They contain 2 oxygen atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 21 carbon atoms. Due to their similarities to the body’s endocannabinoids, they can interact with the body’s receptors. 

Their psychoactive effects

The psychoactive effects of CBD vs THC are very different. THC is the main psychoactive compound that is found in marijuana. It is responsible for the ‘high’ feeling after you consume it because it controls the feelings and binds with the brain receptors. The CBD does not cause the ‘high’ feeling instead it works with other body elements to have the feeling of well-being. 

Medical benefits of CBD and THC

Both CBD and THC have the same medical benefits because they function by providing relief. Most people prefer CBD to THC due to the side effects. As stated earlier THC cause the euphoric effects that make a person 

 feel ‘high’. Some of the uses of CBD include treating conditions such as;

  • Inflammation
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Nausea
  • Headache 
  • Mental disorders
  • Seizures
  • Anxiety
  • Depression

THC helps with the following:

  • Lack of sleep
  • Glaucoma
  • Pain
  • Low appetite
  • Anxiety
  • Muscle spasticity
  • Nausea

Side effects of CBD vs THC

The difference between the side effects of CBD and THC is, that high consumption of THC may lead to long-term negative psychiatric effects, while the effects of CBD are temporary.

Temporary side effects of THC

  • Dry mouth
  • Red eyes
  • Slower reaction times
  • Memory loss
  • Anxiety
  • Increased heartbeat
  • Coordination problems

Side effects of CBD

  • Fatigue
  • Loss of weight
  • Dizziness
  • Changes in appetite
  • Diarrhea

 CBD vs THC legality. 

It is important to consider legality before choosing a product. In Kenya CBD is currently on the list of illegal drugs in the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Control Act. THC is also illegal in Kenya. There are some the countries where consumption and use of cannabis are legal. These countries include Denmark, Colombia, Italy, Jamaica, Brazil, Canada, and many others.

How to test CBD and THC

THC and CBD are stored in body fats. They can be detected on drug tests after an individual has stopped using them.

Conclusion.

The differences between CBD and THC are that THC is psychoactive while CBD is non-psychoactive and THC is sourced from marijuana while CBD is sourced from hemp.

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